By Annika Winzer and Laura Eyres
Rhino poaching has increased over the past 5 years - in 2014, one rhino was killed every eight hours in South Africa. Rhinos are killed for their horns, which are made out of ivory, the horns are then sold as “medicine” as many people believe it can cure them, and they pay a lot of money for it. At this rate, rhinos will be extinct by 2020.
There are 5 types of rhinos alive today: black rhino, white rhino, greater one-horned rhino, javan rhino and the Sumatran rhino. There is also the woolly rhino, which became extinct in the ice age.
Most rhinos species are either vulnerable, critically endangered or near threatened. The most endangered rhino species is probably the javan rhino, which is considered to be one of the most endangered mammals in the world, with only 60-63 rhinos alive in the wild. Every type of rhino is threatened in some way, with the number of rhinos poached for their horns increasing.
On the verge of extinction the Sudan two female rhinos (Fatu and Najin) are two of the last three northern white rhinos left in the world. In Indonesia, the populations of Sumatran rhinos are extremely low and are listed as “Critically Endangered”. There are now only around 100 Sumatran rhinos left in the wild, and efforts are now being invested in an attempt to boost.
Rhinos are one of the most critically endangered mammals and most are on the brink of extinction. If rhinos were to become extinct it wold be one of the saddest events ever. Many people are trying to help save rhinos from extinction, by enabling people to adopt rhinos, and building reserves were they are safe.
Hopefully,we will be able to prevent rhinos from going extinct.